The Norwegian Rune Poem

In Modern English

  1. Wealth is a source of discord among kinsmen;
    the wolf lives in the forest.
  2. Dross comes from bad iron;
    the reindeer often races over the frozen snow.
  3. Giant causes anguish to women;
    misfortune makes few men cheerful.
  4. Estuary is the way of most journeys;
    but a scabbard is of swords.
  5. Riding is said to be the worst thing for horses;
    Reginn forged the finest sword.
  6. Ulcer is fatal to children;
    death makes a corpse pale.
  7. Hail is the coldest of grain;
    Christ created the world of old.
  8. Constraint gives scant choice;
    a naked man is chilled by the frost.
  9. Ice we call the broad bridge;
    the blind man must be led.
  10. Plenty is a boon to men;
    I say that Frothi was generous.
  11. Sun is the light of the world;
    I bow to the divine decree.
  12. Tyr is a one-handed god;
    often has the smith to blow.
  13. Birch has the greenest leaves of any shrub;
    Loki was fortunate in his deceit.
  14. Man is an augmentation of the dust;
    great is the claw of the hawk.
  15. A waterfall is a River which falls from a mountain-side;
    but ornaments are of gold.
  16. Yew is the greenest of trees in winter;
    it is wont to crackle when it burns.

Old Norse original version
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